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ArriveSAFE is a project to reduce avoidable road traffic crashes and resulting deaths and injuries. Globally 1.24 million people are killed and nearly 50 million suffer serious, life-altering injuries.

We are an India based not-for-profit NGO (non government organization) working on road safety and to promote sustainable transportation. We are contributing in making Indian roads safer, advocating for better policies on road safety and getting these implemented on ground.

We work closely with government agencies to make our roads safe, increase knowledge level of road users through education and reason based awareness campaigns on key risk factors like speeding and drink driving etc.

After our sustained effort, the Supreme Court of India made a law banning availability of liquor on national and state highways all over the country.

Road Safety News

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National Crime Records Bureau – Road Accident Report 2015

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Road Accidents in India – 2015 by Ministry of Road Transport & Highway

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Contributed to the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill 2017

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Volvo Sustainable Mobility Award 2015

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Felicitated by Secretary General, Indian Road Congress

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CCTV captures the stories of unrelenting Delhi, NDTV India, August 11, 2016

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Are strict traffic laws sufficient to curb accidents, Prime Time, NDTV News, August 9, 2016

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New road safety bill 2016 | Vichar Taqrar | Aug 14, 2016, PTC News

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Member: Committees of Road Safety & Design, Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering of the Indian Road Congress

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Member: Road Safety Councils of Punjab & Chandigarh

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Member: Global Alliance of NGOs for Road Safety

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Round Table Discussions on “Road Map to Road Safety and Public Health” at KGMC, Lucknow

Gave a talk on “Developing innovative road safety programs” and participate in the deliberations organised by the Indian Council of Medical Research in a round table discussion on “Road Map to Road Safety and Public Health” on October 18th, 2014 in King George Medical College, Lucknow. Recently the Health Ministry has decided to incorporate suggestions to improve road safety measures in the National Health Policy.

This is coinciding with the Indo-US emergency summit 2014 which is being held there during 15-19, October 2014.

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ArriveSAFE steps up efforts for stricter enforcement on driving and driving

After getting Liquor Shops removed from the National Highways, we have now started working on getting the Enforcement on Drinking and Driving enhanced in the States of Punjab and Haryana. Currently, there is negligible Enforcement on Drinking and Driving though it is scientifically proven that it is one of the major causes of fatal road crashes.

Besides Enforcement, we would also be involving Youth Groups, Rotary Clubs and other Community based Organizations to spread awareness on the risks posed by drunk drivers.
Drinking and Driving – an International Good practice manual

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Book accused of “Hit-and-Run” under culpable homicide not amounting to murder

Members of ArriveSAFE are meeting Senior Officials and holding Silent Protests demanding that the accused of “Hit-and-Run” be booked under Section 304 of the IPC, which provides for a 10 years’ imprisonment instead of the customary practice of imposing Section 304-A, which is a bailable offense. Further Section 279 of IPC for Rash and Negligent Driving and Section 134 of the MVA (The driver instead of informing the authorities or providing medical attention chose to run away) should also be imposed on him.

ArriveSAFE is also demanding that once the driver is arrested, his accomplices and family members should also be booked as they helped the accused driver by sheltering him.

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Member: Road Safety Councils of Punjab & Chandigarh

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Removal of Liquor and Poppy husk vends situated along highways

The Bench headed by Honourable Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court passed an Order for the removal of liquor shops existing along highways. This is a major milestone in road safety for the region, a landmark legal precedent in India. ArriveSAFE had filed the Public Interest Litigation (PIL), faced strong and well-funded opposition, legal hurdles and delays, even threats to his person, during the campaign.

The area suffers alarmingly high rates of alcohol related road crashes, and with roadside alcohol stalls dotted along the highways, access to alcohol was a major contributor. This ruling will save lives and protect families.

Drink Driving in India

Sale of Liquor along Highways –adversely affects awareness and enforcement on drink driving

The Issue

Driving under the influence of liquor is one of the major risk factors. With the increased confidence level after drinking, compromised cognitive skills it affects human behavior towards other major risk factors as well like wearing of helmets or crash helmets, driving at excessive speed and use of mobile.

The Statistics

Globally: Driving under the influence of alcohol finally is responsible, for 30 to 50 per cent of road deaths and serious causalities.

Source: Practical Guide on road safety by GRSP & International Federation of Red Cross

Indian: As per World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention published by the World Health Organization.

a) In New Delhi, India, a study showed that a third of motorized two-wheeler riders taken to hospital admitted to driving under the influence of alcohol (94). Ref: Mohan D. Traffic safety and health in Indian cities. Journal of Transport and Infrastructure, 2002, 9: 79–94.

b) A study done in Bangalore found that 44% of crash victims seeking medical treatment were under the influence of alcohol (NIMHANS, Bangalore).

c)Alcohol and Drug Use in Injured Drivers – An Emergency Room Study in PGIMER, Chandigarh;a Regional Tertiary Care Centre (Published in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research)

The study found substance consumption in 54.5% of drivers and alcohol (40.5%) was the most prevalent substance consumed followed by opiates (13%), cannabis (7%) and benzodiazepines (7%). More than one substance was shown in urine of 11.5% of drivers.

The Challenges: Liquor shops along highways

The Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 by WHO states that the strategies regulating availability of alcohol is a cost-effective policy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol.

Way back in 2004, the National Road Safety Council, India decided that liquor shops along the National Highways should be removed. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India issued circulars to the States in 2007, 2011 and again in 2013 to close down the liquor shops along the National Highways.

Letters from Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (Road Safety Cell) to Chief Secretaries of all States/UTs) – Strict enforcement of Section 185 of MV Act 1988 against drunken driving including removal of Liquor Shops along National Highways.

Download the Letter issued in 2011

Download the Letter issued in 2013

Excise Policy, a state subject governs the sale of liquor. The states give all possible liberties to the liquor traders as sale of alcohol generates maximum revenue. The Excise Policies never mention the clear locations of the liquor vends(official papers mention revenue limit of villages). This gives liberty to the traders to open vends at locations of their choice.

As per the Excise Policies:
• Liquor shops are setup in temporary structures abutting highways.Probably, the only business that can operate from agricultural land without any mandatory permissions like CLU certificate (Change of Land Use), highway authority, forest and electricity department etc.

• If a Liquor Shop remains operational at a given location for one year, the shop can operate from the same location for years to come.

• “Government approved Taverns” setup next to the liquor vends further prompted the road users to stop for a drink.

• Though advertising of alcohol is banned but the liquor vends put giant billboards showing cricket and Bollywood stars endorsing brands. Further, the IPL (Indian Premier League) teams endorse brands and item songs in movies glorify drinking and driving.

Liquor shop along a busy National Highway   Liquor shop on an island of an intersection, roads on all sides
Liquor shop along a busy National Highway   Liquor shop on an island of an intersection, roads on all sides
Photos of liquor shops along highways

Step 1 – Collecting information and evidence

We filed applications under RTI Act (Right to Information Act) to get data from National and State Departments on Roads, Transport, Police, Health, Land Records, Forests, Fire and Electricity etc. besides the Excise Department.

Further, we did in-depth study of the Excise Policies of the States and did photography of liquor vends along highways.

Startling facts : The NHAI provided a copy of a letter sent to the Deputy Commissioners of nine districts:

• 185 liquor shops vends on a 291 kilometres stretch of National Highway 1 in the North Indian States of Punjab & Haryana.

• Their regional office had to various state authorities from time to time and commented, “but concrete action is yet to be taken in the absence of lack of support from various quarters. It is well known that influential people own the liquor shops and removal of unauthorized encroachments will not be possible unless the support of district administration is available in a proactive and continuous manner.”

Download the letter sent by NHAI to the Deputy Commissioners.

So one vend at every 1.5 kilometers. If one drives at the National Speed Limit of 90 Km/Hr, one would come across a well-decorated liquor shop every one minute tempting the driver to stop for a drink.

Similarly, all National and State Highways were dotted with Liquor Shops open virtually 24 hours a day. Most of them so close to the road that one just stretches out an arm out of the car window and the salesman hands over the bottle.

Step two: Requested state governments to close liquor vends

We met the Ministers and Bureaucrats requesting them to amend the Excise Policies so liquor shops are not setup along the Highways. Rather they expressed their “inability” to act against the powerful businessmen and justified the location by saying that the States got crores of rupees (millions of dollars) as revenue per year through Excise Tax that is utilized for welfare activities.

They were completely insensitive towards the lives being lost and families getting shattered due to the avoidable road crashes. Further, as per various studies the expenditure on health and loss due to wastage of account of

1. Effect on Work & Employment
2. Consequences of Drink Driving on Personal Life and Family
3. Consequences of Drink Driving & Community
4. Financial Consequences of Drink Driving

To my utter surprise, instead of a positive response, I started getting threats to my life.

Step three: Seeking relief from the Court

We filed Public Interest Litigation in the High Courts of Punjab and Haryana at Chandigarh and Rajasthan at Jaipur.

• The Punjab and Haryana High Court in its interim order dated 30.07.2013 directed the States to remove the advertisement hoardings.

• In its final judgment on 18.03.2014, the Court ordered that the liquor vends should neither be accessible nor visible from the highways implying that they would cease to exist.

• The Rajasthan High Court in its order date 23.03.2015 directed the state that the liquor vends should be located at least 150 meters away from the highways.

Interim Order dated 30.07.2013 by the bench headed by Chief Justice, High Court of Punjab and Haryana at Chandigarh

Final Order dated 18.03.2014 by the bench headed by Chief Justice, High Court of Punjab and Haryana at Chandigarh

Order dated 23.03.2015 by the bench headed by Chief Justice, High Court of Rajasthan and Jaipur

Step four: Getting the order implemented

The States amended their Excise Policies and were passed in the Legislative Assembles of these States. Still, getting the order implemented is a challenge, as we have to do the job of an enforcement agency.

Instead of complying with the order the liquor vend owners made a smart move.All across the states, thedirections of the sale counters were changed to the sides, not directly facing the highways. The locations remained the same. Exactly same exercise done by all liquor vend owners pointed strongly suggested that the authorities had advised them to do so.

We moved the court again and filed “contempt of court orders” cases. The states were forced to remove the liquor vends from the national highways. More than 90% of the liquor shops along the national highways are now closed. There are more than 100 litigations between the contractors and the states, the contractors blaming the state for not informing them about the court orders. They are seeking a refund citing heavy losses. The business sentiment can be gauged from the fact that the Government reduced the minimum-bidding price by more than 60%.

Public pressure grew and the media extensively covered any violation of the order. There were many instances where the local people closed/locked liquor shops that were setup against the orders. We never expected such huge support from the public; this just reflects that the people didn’t want these liquor shops there but earlier couldn’t take this step out of fear of the liquor mafia.

Three state highways were notified as national highways in September 2014 in Punjab state. The state government auctioned liquor vends along these highways hoping that our teams would not notice this violation. Once, again we had to move court apprising them of the violations. The court again directed the state to close down these shops.

Order dated 28.05.2015 by the bench headed by Acting Chief Justice, High Court of High Court of Punjab and Haryana at Chandigarh

Fight still on: States move Supreme Court

The States filed a Special Leave Petition (SLP) in the Supreme Court of India seeking permission to operate liquor shops on state highways. The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has ordered status quo of implementation of the High Orders on the State Highways. As a result, the liquor shops are still operating along State Highways.

Their plea is that state highways pass through townships and removing liquor shops from these highways would further reduce the revenue of the state. The case is going on in the apex court since March 2014 and there have been more than 10 hearings but the order has yet to be passed.

Our point is very clear; if drunken driving is dangerous on the national highways it is dangerous on the state highways as well. Rather, the risk is higher on the state highways as most of them have two-way traffic movement.

Repeated statements by the states that revenue reduces substantially if liquor vends are moved away from highways, clearly suggest that road users are their main clients. No bill/invoice is generated on purchase of a liquor bottle, the liquor vend operators charge as per their will.

The a DB of the Hon’ble SupremeCourt on8th September 2015 ordered that a meeting of the concerned authorities from the States, Union Territories and the Union Government is held to have a fresh look at the Model Police for Alcoholic Beverages & Alcohol. The order further says, “it would be more appropriate if the policy is revisited with regard to the location of liquor vends and sale of alcoholic beverages and alcohol in the proximity of the National Highways and the State Highways. ArriveSAFE will be entitled to participate in the meeting in any event.

Copy of Order

How to report a violation

If you find a liquor shops, which is visible or accessible you can report the violation. As per the Court Orders the Excise Department is duty bound to remove it:

1. Download the complaint form
a. Punjab
b. Haryana

2. Send it through registered post or speed post
3. If action is not taken within 2-3 weeks you can file an application under RTI Act to know status of the complaint

What’s Next: Getting the same implemented in other states

With two-year experience on dealing with the Governments of two States, we have started working on the same done in four States of North India. We have started collecting the data on the same lines. The situation is same in other States of the Country as far as liquor shops are concerned. India is a large country with an estimated population of nearly 1.25 billion people.

In States like Delhi, the Government directly runs liquor business and even the State Excise Department ignore the repeated advisories issued by the National Road Safety Council and Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India in 2004, 2007, 2011 and 2013 that there should not be any liquor shop along the highways.

Besides this, we are writing to the Ministers and Members of Parliament of the newly formed Government to convince their State Governments to respect and Advisories and implement them.

The latest WHO Report has further strengthened our campaign as it also states that, “A known effective strategy is regulating commercial and public availability of alcohol.”

Keep the members of local Community Based Organizations (Panchayats: local bodies of the villages, which are elected through voting and approved by Government) and Municipal Council/Corporations informed and educated on the process they can use to get a liquor shop removed if ever a businessman tries to start the business illegally. The CBOs and local NGOs would be made aware of how to use the references of the Policy, authorities to be contacted to ensure enforcement. The general sentiment of the public is against these shops and these members are accountable to the people if they want to stay members. This would setup a parallel enforcement mechanism besides the state machinery to keep an eye.

The result has already started showing, as there were no bidders for Liquor Shops that were close to areas where even the roads would be constructed in the coming months.

Research shows that drink driving is one of the major causes of crashes, injuries and fatalities and a reduction in drunken drivers on the roads would have a cascading effect on other behavioural aspects of driving. This marathon and life-risking exercise of fighting relentlessly against the combined power of a group of State and Non-State Players would surely result in making roads safer.

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Campaign to get PWD engineers responsible for not putting/maintaining crash barriers on bridges booked

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Govt to ban killer trucks with protruding rods

In an move to tackle a growing road menace, the Centre has decided to ban vehicles which have iron and steel rods protruding dangerously out of them.

“We have decided to amend the Central Motor Vehicles Rules (CMVR), 1989 and ban vehicles from carrying any object protruding out of the vehicles’ body frame, even if it is less than a metre. Such objects should be carried within compact containers,” said a senior road ministry official.

The proposed amendment will do away with a proviso in section 93(8) of the CMVR that allows goods vehicles to carry poles or rods as long as the projecting parts do not exceed one metre beyond the vehicle’s rear-most point.

“Though CMVR allowed vehicles to carry objects up to one metre beyond the vehicles body frame, the rule was blatantly violated. Such vehicles hardly used sufficient signs to warn motorists. So we have decided to do away with this provision,” said an official.

The ministry has taken the first step and issued a draft notification to effect the ban.

Last year alone, 9,087 people were killed and 29,573 were injured in accidents related to load — including iron and steel rods/pipe — protruding out of vehicles. Maharashtra reported the maximum accidents — 4,615 — followed by Uttar Pradesh (3,572) and Andhra Pradesh (3,375).

The move comes shortly after the Supreme Court asked the Centre for an explanation on a PIL seeking a ban on trucks and trailers carrying iron rods protruding dangerously and parked without any blinkers to warn vehicles coming from behind.

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Mobile phone app to help cyclists and drivers being developed by QUT

Researchers from The Queensland University of Technology’s Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety (CARRS-Q) are working on creating a mobile phone app to warn cyclists and drivers of impending collisions.

The app will locate, track, connect and communicate between cyclists and drivers via their smart phones.

A warning will be issued if there is a reasonable chance of collision.

Dr Sebastien Demmel, from (CARRS-Q), said existing GPS, WiFi and Bluetooth systems can be used to allow the sharing of information between road users.

“For example, if a cyclist and driver are both approaching an intersection at speed, the app will be able to predict impending danger and warn both to slow down,” he


Pedestrians who download the app will be ‘passive users”, relaying information to drivers & cyclists.

Dr Demmel said an average of 35 cyclists die on Australian roads each year and more than 2500 others are seriously injured.

“Research has shown that most cyclist fatalities involve a collision with a motor vehicle and these typically occur because of human error, or one not seeing the other,” he said.

“What our research is aiming to do is use technology to help prevent injury and improve cyclist safety on our roads.”

Dr Demmel said small-scale testing will begin in three months, and hopes the app will be released by 2015.

The technology has implications for other road users like motorcyclists and could in future be modified to warn of unexpected obstacles for example, a pedestrian rushing out onto the street.

In the mean time Dr Demmel said cyclists should also wear high visibility and reflective clothing, and drivers should browse their surroundings and leave enough space when passing other cyclists.

Read more:

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Panel Calls For Mandatory Safety Audits For All Roads

KUALA LUMPUR: The government has been urged to establish a policy requiring mandatory audits for all roads nationwide to ensure safety standards can be consistently complied with.

This was one of the recommendations made in a report on the Genting Highlands bus crash in August last year by an independent advisory panel, chaired by Tan Sri Lee Lam Thye, released by the Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (Miros) yesterday.

The report said many of the issues related to the Genting accident were “institutional and system-based”, giving rise to the possibility that the problems are not isolated cases but are instead the norms for the country.

With this view, the panel said, the proposed recommendations would not only be specific to this case but also applicable to the transport industry as a whole.

The report said the Genting accident, which claimed 37 lives, was due to speeding and other factors, including issues pertaining to road design; vehicle technical requirements and standard operating procedures (SOP); lack of enforcement of SOPs by related agencies; ineffective emergency response and rescue measures; and general attitudes on road safety.

It said that, based on police statistics from 2008 to 2011, several locations along the Batang Kali-Gohtong Jaya road in Genting were identified as accident-prone areas.

Other recommendations included locations with high number of crashes to be identified via risk mapping, using standard guidelines on road design and signage on all roads nationwide, high performance safety barriers to be installed at identified sections and for relevant authorities to upgrade current design specifications for all hilly roads.

The panel’s proposal to form a National Transportation Safety Board was submitted to Transport Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Hussein a month ago, following investigations into the Genting incident.

Hishammuddin was reported in January as saying the proposal would be tabled in Parliament and that it would be the first such body in the Asean region to boost road, sea and air safety.

“As chairman of the independent panel, I thank Datuk Seri Hishammuddin for the trust given to us to study the various reports submitted by Miros and other relevant agencies pertaining to the Genting bus crash,” said Lee.

He said that during the review and evaluation process, a total of 82 reports and documents had been made available to the panel.

“I’m also glad the government has made the report public, in accordance with the wishes of the panel. It is history-making for Malaysia,” he said.

“It demonstrates the minister’s commitment to tackle road safety challenges in a transparent way. The panel welcomes such a responsible and appropriate approach in the interest of road safety and that of the public.”

Asked for details on the proposed National Transportation Safety Board, Lee said he remains unsure of when its formation would be, and that the appointment of its chairman would be for the government to decide.

“Its full operation would provide an effective platform to identify opportunities for safety improvement, as well as monitoring the implementation of road safety initiatives and their effectiveness,” he said

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